Alopecia areata which can cause different types of hair loss.
Each of these types has a different name:
-Alopecia areata (hair loss in patches).
-Alopecia totalis (lose all hair on the scalp).
-Alopecia universalis (lose all hair on the body)
Alopecia areata is “a common condition of undetermined etiology characterized by circumscribed, nonscarring, usually asymmetric areas of baldness on the scalp, eyebrows, and bearded portion of the face. Alopecia areata affects males and females in equal numbers. It may appear at any age, but most typically begins during childhood.
The condition occurs when white blood cells attack the cells in hair follicles, causing them to shrink and dramatically slow down hair production. The physical manifestations of this disorder may not be as difficult to handle for some individuals as the emotional ones. Most people with alopecia areata are generally healthy otherwise, and the disorder itself is not a sign of a serious or life-threatening disease
TREATMENT OF ALOPECIA ARETA:
Sometimes the dermatologist will perform a skin biopsy to confirm that the disease is alopecia areata. To perform a skin biopsy, the dermatologist removes a small piece of skin so that it can be studied under a microscope. Blood tests may be necessary if the dermatologist thinks the patient might have another autoimmune disease.