Keloids are single or multiple dense, thick nodules, typically found at areas of previously injured skin (burns, lacerations), or they may arise spontaneously on normal skin. Over weeks to months, these nodules can become painful, tender, itchy (pruritic), and grow to become very large. . keloid is triggered by a minor wound in the skin. In surgically removing a keloid, a much bigger wound is induced to remove the keloid. This new and larger wound will obviously result in formation a much larger keloid. All keloids should be treated with non surgical methods. As a general rule, much like many other medical conditions, keloid disorder is not a condition that should be treated with surgery. Treatment of keloid disorder is an area of unmet medical need.
SIGNS OF KELOID:
Keloids are usually seen on the neck, ear lobes, legs or arms, and on the upper trunk, especially the chest. They frequently follow the lines of injury. Spontaneous keloids are common on the mid-chest. Keloids expand in claw-like growths over normal skin. They have the capability to hurt with a needle-like pain or to itch, although the degree of sensation varies from person to person. Keloids can develop in any place where skin trauma has occurred. They can be the result of pimples, insect bites, scratching, burns, or other skin injury.
Treatment modalities for keloids and hypertrophic scars include compression garments, radiation, excision, intralesional injections, cauterization, cryotherapy, laser surgery, and silicon gel dressings